Turkey Libya Security Agreement

Egypt, Libya`s eastern neighbour, condemned the pact as “illegal,” while Greece cancelled the border deal because it ignores the presence of the Greek island of Crete between Turkey and Libya. In an interview with local media, he said that the GNA-Turkey agreements had not been adopted by the legislative authority in accordance with Libyan law. Turkey and Libya signed two agreements on security and military cooperation and the limitation of maritime jurisdiction on Wednesday, Turkish authorities said. Turkish Defence Minister Hulusi Akar met with his Qatari counterpart to discuss bilateral security cooperation and regional issues. At the meeting, Akar and Khalid bin Mohammed el Atiye stressed the strategic partnership between the two countries. Ankara and Tripoli signed the security agreement in November to strengthen cooperation between the two militaries. The pact will launch a “rapid reaction force” at Libya`s request. This week, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan`s communications director, Fahrettin Altun, tweeted that the military agreement would “improve the security of the Libyan people.” However, details of the memorandums signed on Wednesday have yet to be published. The agreements “were signed without regard to diplomatic and legal standards,” he said.

The agreement was announced on Monday by Libyan Deputy Defense Minister Salah Al Namroush. “If Turkey can sign formal agreements with the internationally recognized government, it will be able to guarantee a share of Libyan oil,” he said. The terms of the agreement are contrary to a UN arms embargo imposed on Libya in 2011. However, Turkey has reportedly already sent military and military assets to the North African country. The UN has criticised foreign engagement in Libya in the face of rising violence. Turkey is not a signatory to the 1982 UN agreement regulating maritime borders and does not recognize the Southern Republic of Cyprus and its agreements on an exclusive economic zone with Egypt, Lebanon and Israel. He added that the agreement also aimed to strengthen the government`s capacity to combat “terrorism,” irregular migration and crime, as well as to develop its security and training systems. He argued that the military agreement allowed the GNA to drive from the capital what he called Haftar`s “militias and mercenaries,” in reference to the LNA. Turkish lawmakers, who had already been ratified two days earlier by the UN-backed Government of the National Agreement (GNA), backed the agreement by 269 votes to 125. Earlier this month, Sarraj announced his intention to resign within six weeks as part of efforts to reach a peace agreement. The head of the liquidity management committee of the Central Bank of Libya (CBL) in Bayda Ramzi al-Agha said the agreements should be rejected as soon as the next government takes over. On the basis of this agreement, Turkey would be able to send troops to assist Libya in launching joint maritime exploration activities and gaining a position of strength in decisions regarding pipelines crossing these sections of the seabed.